Have you ever seen a purple potato? Are you aware of the nutritions and benefits of potatoes that are colored purple? As obvious as it seems, these purple-colored potatoes are called purple potatoes.
But how does this purple-colored potatoes differ from the normal potatoes we eat? Well then, let’s first take a peek on what it’s about potatoes in order to discern it from the mysterious purple ones.
Potato – A People’s Favorite
Potatoes are worldwide root crops that can be used in various recipes. It is a favorite among other root crops. Also, potato-made food are a major hit all around the world. Even the ever famous french fries is made up of potatoes, and almost everyone just can’t get enough of it!
A Few Facts on Potatoes
- Potatoes are said to have the ability to help treat some conditions. Some studies were conducted to test how effective potatoes are in relieving certain cases of inflammation and in the treatment of constipation.
- A medium-sized potato is packed with around 164 counts of calories and vitamin B6 content that is worth 30 percent of the recommended daily intake.
- There are various ways to enjoy potatoes. They can be boiled, fried, baked, roasted, mashed, or scalloped.
- Potatoes are made up of 80% water.
- Potato crops are considered as environment friendly. The crops are naturally grown and they require little to no amount of fertilizer and chemicals while being cultivated.
- Out of all crop vegetables, potatoes rank as fourth most consumed crop vegetable; just a little behind corn, wheat, and rice.
The Variety of Potatoes
In general, there are over 100 hundred kinds of potatoes. Those hundred potatoes are then categorized into seven other groups.
1. Russet Potatoes
Russet potatoes are what the usual potatoes are called. They are characterized with sizes from medium to large, brown in color, and have netted skin.
The flesh of russet potatoes are floury and has a texture that is light and fluffy. Their skin can be eaten when cooked, and they become easy to chew. The typical cooking methods for this kind of potato are through baking, roasting, or making them into mashed potatoes.
2. Red Potatoes
Red potatoes, just like russet potatoes, are common potatoes that are used as ingredients. The red potatoes are known to be waxy, this makes them retain their shape even when cooked.
Red potato flesh are smooth and round. Its texture is creamy and moist, and they are slightly sweet to the taste. These potatoes are used for salads, into soups, added to stews, or roasted.
3. White Potatoes
White potatoes are named after how they look. They have white coloring on their flesh and skin. The white potatoes are perfect as mashed potatoes. They can also be made into salads or cooked by steaming them, boiling, or frying.
4. Yellow Potatoes
These yellow potatoes are smooth and soft, plus they are very moist. Their sizes can range from marble-sized to large ones, their flavors are buttery and a little sweet. Yellow potatoes are perfect when grilled or roasted.
5. Fingerling Potatoes
Fingerling potatoes get their name from their physical appearance. These potatoes range from two to four inches and look like human fingers. Their skin may be red, orange, purple, or white; while their flesh can either be color red orange, purple, yellow, or white. Fingerling potatoes are delicious when pan-fried or roasted.
6. Petite Potatoes
Also known as “baby potatoes”, these potatoes are really small in size. Petite potatoes are a classification of all the other potatoes according to size; meaning a small russet potato can be classified as a petite potato, and a small white potato can also be classified as a petite potato. Petite potatoes are great in salads and when pan-fried or fried.
7. Purple Potatoes
Purple potatoes are very unique. They are named that way because the color of both their skin and flesh are of color purple. These potatoes are very delicious and nutritious too! Let’s get to know more about them in the next section.
Purple potatoes can be harvested anytime of the year, but they are most abundant during the fall season.
People describe purple potatoes to have earthy and nutty flavor, at the same time they have a certain amount of sweetness too. The combination of flavors make them into really good treats that even kids may come to like them.
Flavors aside, these potatoes contain certain amounts of vitamins and minerals. They are considered to be excellent sources of vitamin C, vitamin B6, potassium, and an antioxidant called anthocyanin.
Purple Potatoes Benefits
Since purple potatoes are famous for being nutritious, they contribute to some health benefits.
Purple potatoes can be used as a coloring alternative.
The deep purple color of these potatoes can be made as food coloring; better yet a healthier food coloring alternative.
The potatoes can help lower blood pressure and can aid in its regulation.
There was a research conducted about the effects of purple potatoes in reducing blood pressure. According to the study by American Chemical Society, the potatoes contain a great amount of the phytochemical (biologically active compounds in plants) called chlorogenic acid that was already proven to be helpful in lowering BP.
The potatoes are great helpers that may work against possible blood clots.
The same phytochemical called chlorogenic acid works against the formation of blood clots. Due to its anti-thrombotic properties, the chlorogenic acid was tested on a few mouse subjects in which they were proven to be effective against bloo clot and may even help prevent it.
The potatoes contain impressive amounts of antioxidants and other phytonutrients.
The purple potatoes do not only have the phytonutrient chlorogenic acid, but also a few other that are said to be effective against diseases.
The antioxidants and phytonutrients in the potatoes are combined for them to work together in giving the body health benefits. Such benefit is how they can reduce inflammation. Also, the anthocyanin is an antioxidant that also gives the potato its purple color.
The potatoes are a good source of fiber.
The importance of fiber in our bodies is how it acts in our digestive system. Having enough fiber can help in solving most forms of digestive problems like constipation and stomach discomfort.